What are the intentions of the United States in Africa?
What are the intentions of the United States in Africa?. The United States has lost influence in Africa, but their main diplomat on the continent wants to change that.
For too long, when investors knocked on the door and the Africans opened it, the only person standing there was the Chinese,” Tibor Nagy, deputy secretary of the BBC, told BBC recently. US State for African Affairs.
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China’s trade with the continent has eclipsed that of the United States over the past decade and was more than three times higher in 2018.
Some of the most important diplomatic posts in the United States in African capitals have been left vacant since President Trump took office.
Nagy says he wants to change that and restore the influence of the United States on the continent. “My job is to get an American knocked on the door,” he said.
Can the United States change course and compete with China on the African continent?
US trade against China with Africa
Exhausted diplomatic missions
The appointment of US ambassadors to African capitals has progressed at a breakneck pace over the past two years.
Some prestigious publications, notably in South Africa and Nigeria, have been left uncovered since President Trump eliminated all American ambassadors in the world after taking office in 2017.
Some have been appointed by the president, such as South Africa and Nigeria, and are awaiting confirmation from the US Senate, but others, such as Chad and Tanzania, have become vacant.
Nagy was only appointed to the position of Permanent Representative of the State Department for Africa in July 2018. Previously, it was a vacancy and a temporary position.
According to analysts, however, China has sent senior foreign officials to African countries.
“In South Africa, China has a senior diplomat, which shows that Beijing really matters,” said Lina Benabdallah, an expert on China-Africa relations at Wake Forest University.
Several other emerging powers, such as Turkey and India, are also strengthening their diplomatic presence.
The Indian government recently approved plans for 18 new embassies in Africa.
“(It is difficult) to make Africa a priority in the administration,” said Eric Olander, founder of Africa-China Project, a non-profit organization dedicated to exploring China’s commitment. in Africa.
Statements by US government officials have not favoured relations with Africa. UU., Including the president, who was considered very offensive.
Trump would have described African nations as “shitty countries” and spoke of Africa as a place where his friends could try to become rich.
He also spoke on the extremely controversial issue of land expropriation by white farmers in South Africa, causing the government’s angry reaction in that country.
“The fundamental problem is that the president can not be desired: he described Africa in the cruellest terms,” said Reuben E Brigety, former US ambassador to the African Union to President Obama.
The US State Department maintains that it values its associations across Africa and that its commitment is as strong as ever.
Foreign Direct Investment of the United States and China in Africa
The United States has been the largest source of direct investment in Africa, but its contribution is declining.
In 2018, China announced investments of $ 60 billion (after $ 60 billion committed in 2015), including infrastructure projects under its Belt and Road initiative to create international trade routes.
Benabdallah said trade between the United States and African countries has declined due to increased interest not only from China but also from other countries such as Russia and Turkey.
“I think it’s because competition from all other countries has increased since the last decade,” said Benabdallah.
Does China Charge Africa With Debt?
China’s economic growth has shown signs of a slowdown recently and this could affect its levels of trade and investment in Africa in the future.
But with the increasing competition in the world for doing business with African countries, the United States will have to show renewed vigour in its relations with the continent if